Science (from the Latin word scientia, meaning “knowledge”) is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.

Neurobiology of Addiction

Individuals affected by addiction move from impulsivity to compulsivity. These two stages can also coexist, but they usually occur in this order.


Fear of Pain or Algophobia

The fear of pain or algophobia, which is distinguished by an extreme and irrational fear of pain and that involves high anxiety and anticipation, occurs especially among the elderly population and has more than one intervention strategy to be addressed.