Literature, most generically, is any body of written works. More restrictively, literature refers to writing considered to be an art form or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage.

The Malaise in Culture

The malaise of culture is one of Freud’s most philosophical works dealing with the antagonism between the instinctual needs of the human being and the restrictions that culture imposes on them.


Fernando Pessoa, the Multiple Writer

Fernando Pessoa was, perhaps, one of the most important writers in Portuguese literature and a very influential author in modernity. He was one of those who introduced the avant-garde movement in his country and bequeathed us the creation of heteronyms, the literary identity that marked his work.