Although electricity seems to spread across the globe, the truth is that a more than considerable percentage of society does not have lighting, appliances, Internet connection and many other services dependent on the electricity grid. 11% of the world population lacks access to electricity, a worrying percentage. Expectations for 2030 are not very promising, since at that time 650 million people will continue without this right.
This was calculated by a joint report prepared by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the World Bank (WB), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Statistical Division of United Nations (UNSD).
Yes, the tendency of countries to become fully electrified is every greater and therefore, there have been salient advances in recent times: in 2010 there were 1.2 billion people without electricity, which became 1 billion in 2016 and 840 million in 2017, with significant progress in emerging countries such as India, Bangladesh, Kenya and Myanmar.
The purpose of reducing the number of people without electricity by 2030 to zero will not be possible as part of the Sustainable Development Goals set in the framework of the UN. Of the 650 million people lacking it, the vast majority will be located in sub-Saharan Africa. Specifically, nine out of ten. In 2017, 573 million people were disconnected from the electricity grid.
In addition, currently about 3,000 million do not have clean energy to cook or heat their homes, using wood or coal for it and causing a serious environmental burden that increases pollutant emissions. This amount will still be reduced to 2,200 million by 2030, being a problem focused on sub-Saharan Africa and also in Asia.