The animals without which there could be no life on the planet are bees, declared the most invaluable species on the planet during the EarthWatch debate, at the Royal Geographical Society of London in 2018.
They will be tiny, but without them life as we know it would not be possible. We are talking about bees, 20,000 different species whose pollination depends on 250,000 floral plants, which have effects on agriculture, crops and the entire food chain. In fact, they are the only species of any pathogen, and they hold the key to guarantee the biodiversity of our world. Without them, the fauna and flora of the planet would be annihilated.
The data reveals that in addition to the rest of animals and vegetables on our planet, human beings are no exception. Food is so linked to these insects that 75 out of 100 of the products we eat depend on the bees, at the beginning of the mentioned trophic chain. Only in Spain the economic value of bee pollination work amounts to 2.4 million euros. In the world, 265,000 million euros per year and in Europe, 22,000 million, according to the calculations of Greenpeace in its report “Food under threat”.
Among the factors that threaten pollinators are the loss and deterioration of habitats, the monocultures of industrialized agriculture, the use of pesticides, parasites and diseases, invasive plant and animal species and the impact of climate change.
The impacts of climate change.
The figures of the problem suffered by pollinators are overwhelming. The report of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) warns that 40% of invertebrate pollinators, particularly bees and butterflies, face extinction, which could cause the catastrophic decline of the planet.
The solution: change of agrifood model
In the short term, Greenpeace says that the first step is to prohibit toxic products for bees currently in use, and make the risk assessment of pesticides much stricter. You also have to deploy comprehensive action plans to save the bees. At a global level, the adoption of organic farming as the only way for a respectful production of food is something that has been underlined by the UN.
From the ecological organization remember that this agricultural model “guarantees healthy and sustainable production, as it protects soil, water and climate, promotes biodiversity, does not pollute the environment with agrochemicals or transgenic and respects the health of people.” The change is still in our hands.