We review which are some of the most polluted cities and places in the world due to the presence of irresponsible and toxic industries related to heavy metals, mining and oil.
95% of the population of the planet breathes polluted air, the plastic with which we destroy the environment reaches the remote species of the Arctic and thousands of species suffer, disappear or fall ill due to the proliferation of waste. If we talk about urban areas, which are the most polluted cities in the world?
We review some of the most polluted cities on the planet due to their connection with harmful industries -such as heavy metals or fossil fuels-, the nonexistent or deficient treatment of toxic substances or a zero waste management policy.
7 of the most polluted cities in the world
- Dzershinsk (Russia): Extinct epicenter of production of chemical weapons, in its day that the life expectancy in Dzerzhinsk of the men was of 47 years and for the women of 42. The main cause is that between 1930 and 1998 the dumps of the The locality improperly sheltered 300,000 tons of waste that caused the presence of two hundred chemical substances, many of them carcinogenic such as phenol.
- Hazaribagh (Bangladesh): This suburb of Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh, is a nucleus where workers in the tannery industry in dire working conditions tan 14 million skins per year. Every day, 22,000 cubic liters of toxic substances are expelled in the Buriganga river, including the carcinogen hexavalent chromium.
- Kabwe (Zambia): This is the second largest city in Zambia where lead mines have been exploited for more than a century without any regulation. Among other alarming figures children have amounts of this metal in blood between five and ten times higher than allowed by the Environmental Protection Agency of the United States. Nor does any vegetable grow in the hills of its mountains.
- Kalimantan (Indonesia): Located in three quarters of the island of Borneo, has gold mines that use mercury in the extraction process, pouring more than 1000 tons of pollutants in the area that reach the water and land.
- Matanza Riachuelo (Argentina): The basin of this river assumes exorbitant levels of contamination – caused by more than 20.00 industries that discharge waste into the waters – that negatively affect its 5 million inhabitants, of which 35% of the The population lacks drinking water and 55% does not have sewers.
- Niger River Delta (Nigeria): This area occupies 70,000 square meters and is one of the most polluted places in the world due to the oil industry. One year 240,000 barrels of oil are poured into the delta, making it impossible to cite the victims of this devastating source of pollution.
- Norilsk (Russia): In this city one fifth of all the nickel in the world is found, which concentrates high figures of smoke and acid rain. In fact it is estimated that 1 percent of the sulfur dioxide worldwide is emitted from this industrialized and toxic city. In 50 square kilometers the few trees there are dead.