Theodore Millon was an American psychologist who stood out for his studies on personality. He wrote more than thirty books and more than two hundred scientific articles. His classification on personality disorders is known worldwide and has influenced the most important diagnostic manuals.
Personality disorders for Millon are not mental illnesses as such, but rather styles of behavior, cognition and emotion that imply a certain inflexibility and difficulty in managing day-to-day situations, especially stressful ones. Furthermore, according to the author, they promote vicious circles at the operational level.
Among all his research, today we highlight the classification he made about the subtypes of psychopaths. However, it is convenient to clarify that these subtypes are not mutually exclusive. In fact, it is usually quite normal to share traits of several of them. Let’s deepen.
The psychopath lacking in principles
This type of psychopathic personality is related to narcissistic traits. They are people who tend to stay successfully outside the limits of the legal, being indifferent to the welfare of others. Hence, they do not experience remorse when manipulating or exploiting the people around them.
They exhibit an arrogant sense of self-worth, a fraudulent social style and are not usually in treatment. In addition, they are usually the ones that mark the rhythm of the relationships, in such a way that once they have obtained the benefit they want, they are no longer interested in continuing.
The sneaky psychopath
His behavior is characterized by a sociable and pleasant appearance that in the background hides impulsive tendencies, aggressiveness and lack of confidence. They are also deeply resentful and sullen towards their family members and close associates.
However, they tend to seek persistent attention and are attracted by experiences that provide a certain rush. They tend to show seductive behavior and maintain superficial and fluctuating relationships.
The overlapping psychopath resembles the histrionic personality. It is usually an irresponsible and non-compliant person. It exhibits short-term enstusiasms and immature sensation seeking behaviors.
The risk taker psychopath
Within the subtypes of psychopaths we also find the risk taker. This type is frequently involved in situations of risk. He does it to feel alive and motivated, rather than to obtain advantages or prestige.
According to Theodore Millon, many of them respond in an unreflective and impulsive manner. They are reckless people and insensitive to situations in which other people would feel in danger or with fear. They can also be described as antisocial and histrionic.
The greedy psychopath
Greedy psychopaths feel that life has not given them what they deserve and that they have been stripped of their rights. They believe that others have received more than they have, that they have never had opportunities for a good life.
These people are motivated by a desire to compensate for all that they have been stripped of. Through criminal acts they compensate themselves for the emptiness of their lives. They do not care about the transgressions they commit to society.
The weak psychopath
Another subtype of psychopaths is the weak one. It is a deeply insecure profile, even a coward. The fact that these people attack represents a paradoxical response to feeling afraid and in danger. In this way, they try to show that they are not distressed or that they are weak; they will not yield to pressures or external threats. Of course, they have certain dependent and avoidant features.
The explosive psychopath
This type of psychopath could be the opposite of the weak type. It is differentiated by the sudden and unexpected emergency of hostility. His “tantrums” are characterized by uncontrollable fury and attacks on others, including members of his own family.
The explosive psychopath erupts suddenly and precipitately. He does not have time to foresee and contain it. They feel frustrated and threatened, they respond in a volatile and harmful way. As when they were children, their tantrums are instant reactions to cope with frustration and fear.
The rough psychopath
The rough psychopath shows his rejection in a confrontational and pleaist manner. Everything and everyone is a fight for them. Everything is a good excuse to discharge your external irritation.
This profile of psychopath have incessant discord with others. They magnify even the smallest action to live in constant and bitter struggle with other people. He has few remorse and conscience about the inconvenience they cause to others.
The malevolent psychopath
Another subtype of psychopaths is the malevolent. They are particularly vengeful and hostile. Their impulses are discharged in a malignant and destructive challenge of conventional social life.
By distrusting others and anticipating betrayals and punishments, they have acquired a cold cruelty and an intense desire to obtain revenge for alleged or real abuse suffered in childhood. Adopt an attitude of resentment and propensity to look for trouble, to kick those who wish to destroy.
The tyrannical psychopath
Along with the malevolent psychopath, the tyrannical one is among the most threatening and cruel of the subtypes of psychopaths. Both relate to each other in an intimidating, attacking and overwhelming way.
Frequently they are accusatory and abusive. They are almost always invariably destructive. Unlike the malevolent subtype, the tyrannical is stimulated by resistance or weakness, which increases the attack instead of stopping or softening it.