The arguments and fights, in themselves, are unpleasant situations. However, they can be present in almost all areas in which we have to relate to other people. In addition, if we learn to manage them properly, they can become a great opportunity to grow and improve our relationships. Therefore, it is essential that we learn some effective conflict resolution techniques.
In recent decades, disciplines such as psychology have been concerned with developing some of these techniques. In today’s article you will discover which are some of the most used. In this way, the next time you encounter a complicated situation, you will have some effective conflict resolution techniques. However, first let’s see why these techniques are really necessary. Is it really important to study them? Can we act according to our opinion in complicated situations?
Why are conflict resolution techniques necessary?
Discussions are practically inevitable in areas such as work or family. When we have to live with other people, the most normal thing is that our ideas or preferences are faced at some point. This can be due to many causes. For example, differences of opinion, personal stress, power games or personal quarrels.
If we do not manage these problems properly, they can escalate or become chronic, causing a conflict that remains over time. When this happens, our emotional state is burdened. We receive a load and take it wherever we go … no matter how hard we try to pull pride and say we do not care.
Thus, for example, in the work environment this will make the work environment worse. In this way, employees will be less motivated. In the family, conflicts generate a lot of tension. If conflict resolution techniques are not used, discussions can end up alienating some family members.
However, using the right techniques, what could have ended up being a disaster can be a simple anecdote. Knowing the best conflict resolution techniques, therefore, will help you improve your relationships with others. In addition, it will allow you to improve as a mediator in cases where the discussions have nothing to do with you.
Some known conflict resolution techniques
Although there are many tools to manage the discussions, some are undoubtedly more effective than others. In this article we will study the following:
Let’s see each of them, along with its advantages and disadvantages:
Avoidance is one of the first conflict resolution techniques we most tend to use, especially introverted people. But it is also one of the least effective in general. It is simply to withdraw from a situation in which there is a threat of discussion or is already occurring. However, there are times when conflicts, by avoiding them, grow in size.
On the contrary, it could be useful when the conflict can be resolved on its own and the consequences of it are not serious. It will also be useful when the situation is very tense and there is a danger that it expresses or that the other expresses ideas that he does not really think about.
The key is not to let it become our only strategy, to use it intelligently. If we use it only when it is most useful, avoidance can become a useful strategy.
The accommodation consists of finding areas of agreement between the two parties to a conflict, trying not to lose an objective view of the overall picture. Conflict or confrontation can occur in a certain field, but that does not mean that the disagreement is complete. However, this is so easy to see from the outside, when the “combat” begins and we give it high priority, to conserve this vision is not so simple.
In addition, by reducing the intensity and focusing on the points of union, it will be easier to find an agreed outlet. In fact, harmony in the group can be regained, even if the underlying discussion is not fully resolved. Again, accommodation should not be your only strategy. Finally, we can say that it is useful when it is more important to maintain cordiality and look for a base on which an agreement is based.
The following conflict resolution technique consist in finding a middle point between the needs of the two parties. This tool is especially useful when everyone involved in the discussion needs to win.
Thus, the conflict loses intensity and time can be gained to find a more stable solution. However, although both sides win to a certain extent, neither of them fully gets what they want. Therefore, they may remain dissatisfied, even after negotiations. However, at least, an approach in the positions can be produced. In addition, this type of evidence allows us to see how a solution can work in reality and not only on paper.
Collaboration is the most difficult conflict resolution technique to carry out, but it is also one of the most effective. It consists in mediating a disagreement until the two parties are able to find a solution. This may require a lot of time and resources, but it is the only way to reach a solution that will leave the parties happy with the result.
Of course, there are many other techniques to resolve conflicts. However, these four are some of the most used. Practice them and apply them to different situations. You will see how your discussions decrease in frequency and intensity.