According to the ND-Gain Index estimates published by the University of Notre-Dame, we explain which countries in the world have more (and less) chances of surviving climate change.
Climate change generated by the human hand requires urgent and radical changes in all industries, the energy model, consumption and the global economic system, as it has been warning a wide body of scientific evidence for several decades. Given the acceleration in the increase of temperatures, the thawing of glaciers, the rise in sea level, the worsening of the drought and numerous natural disasters or the acidification of the waters, it is fundamental to invest money and strategic policies both to alleviate to reduce the effects of climate change. We have very few years ahead-until 2030-to avoid being irreversible.
However, not all regions will be able to face or suffer equally from the serious and catastrophic consequences of what is undoubtedly the biggest problem of the 21st century. To answer this question, it is important to take a look at the ND-Gain Index data published by the University of Notre-Dame, a report that analyzed 181 countries in relation to their vulnerability to climate change and how they are prepared to face it. or adapt to miso. For this, they were based on factors such as medical care, food supply or political stability, as well as their level of responsibility based on the amount of carbon dioxide emitted by each region.
Norway and the Nordic countries, at the head of survival
Norway is first in the ranking thanks to its high preparation and lower vulnerability, while in total, five Northern European countries are among the top ten, with Finland third, Sweden fourth, Denmark sixth and Iceland eighth. The United Kingdom is in the twelfth position and the United States in the fifteenth. The second most prepared country is New Zealand. Despite the fact that today China is the world’s largest cause of climate change, it is ranked number 59 due to its vulnerability.
As always happens because of neoliberalism, poorer and less developed nations are the most affected by climate change, being the countries of sub-Saharan Africa those that have less chance of surviving the phenomenon. The worst country to live in is Somalia, followed by Chad, Eritrea, the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, all with problems of drought and lack of water, insufficient infrastructure, lack of medical attention and political instability.
To contemplate for a second the injustice: Eritrea emits only 0.01% of the total carbon dioxide that the United States produces each year: just 0.6 metric tons of CO₂ compared to 4,997 tons of the North American country, another of the big culprits of climate change and whose leader, Donald Trump, is a denier – despite the fact that 99% of the scientific community affirms the existence of climate change – that has expelled the Paris Pact nation irresponsibly and selfishly.