The Treaty of Cooperation and Integration between Germany and France signed on Tuesday in Aachen completes the one signed in 1963 and in it both affirm that their “friendship” is indispensable for a European Union “united, effective, sovereign and strong”.
Initially thought to be signed in 2018, when the 55th anniversary of the treaty that laid the foundations for cooperation between former rivals was fulfilled, the time was not adequate since in Berlin there was no government after the elections of the previous year.
A year later, Berlin and Paris affirm that the 1963 Treaty helped to weave an “unprecedented network” of bilateral relations and are committed to laying the foundations for cooperation that the challenges of the 21st century require.
Both countries claim to be aware of their rights and obligations as members of the United Nations and committed to an international order “based on rules and multilateralism” and confirm that we must act with “urgency” to protect the climate and biodiversity.
The text is organized in 28 articles distributed in 7 chapters: European affairs; peace, security and development; culture, education, research and mobility; regional and cross-border cooperation; sustainable development, climate, environment and economic issues plus two on its organization and final provisions.
In relation to the EU they support an “effective and strong common foreign and security policy” and a reinforcement and deepening of the economic and monetary union, while promoting “economic, fiscal and social convergence”.
They support in the matter of peace and security the convergence of their objectives and allude to the fact that in the case of aggression against their territories they undertake to lend themselves aid, “including armed force”; they also support giving Europe “coherence and credibility” in military matters.
In relation to the UN Security Council, they pledge to support its reform and affirm that the inclusion of Germany in that union as a permanent member is a ‘priority’.
In this regard, the Treaty refrains from mentioning the idea of having a single representation of the EU in the Security Council of the UN, where France and the United Kingdom are permanent members.
In the cultural sphere Berlin and Paris say they are determined to create a “common cultural and media space” and advocate bringing their respective education systems closer, in addition to supporting the increase in the number of students studying the language of the other country.
In terms of regional and transboundary cooperation, the signatories support the “elimination of obstacles” in those areas to implement projects that “facilitate the daily life of the inhabitants of these territories”, but with respect for the constitutional norms of each State.
Regarding the environment, they affirm their commitment to apply the provisions of the 2015 Paris Agreement and to “guarantee the integration and protection of climate in all policies”.
From the economic point of view, Berlin and Paris set themselves the objective of creating a “Franco-German economic zone with common rules” and the bilateral harmonization of legislation to “favor convergence” between the two States and improve the competitiveness of their economies. .