The numbers say that Spain already has 200 robots per 10,000 workers, according to data from the ADD Group consultancy. Although the progressive automation of various labor processes will eliminate part of the jobs, the labor market will see new profiles and demands arising, since they reveal that only 3% of jobs in Spain will be at risk for the implementation of the IA as from the study ‘Will robots steal our Jobs’, elaborated by PwC, after analyzing the labor market of 27 countries.
The school ICEMD (Institute of the Digital Economy of ESIC Business & Marketing School) has analyzed the progress of robotization in various sectors in collaboration with Coolhunting Group. While in all these industries the penetration of automata is growing, people with creative capacity, collaboration, analytical capacity, restlessness to learn or empathy are still needed.
9 areas in which robotization and AI have taken off
- Health: Medical robotics stands out in the health field for helping to optimize and improve surgical procedures or improve medical care. They also highlight medical devices connected to the Internet, robotic exoskeletons as a replacement for expensive and invasive orthopedic procedures or 3D and Augmented Reality, which have numerous applications – the manufacture of tissues and organs, the creation of prostheses and implants and pharmaceutical research in relation to the forms of dosage and distribution of medicines – According to the market research company MarketsandMarkets.com 3D printing for healthcare purposes will have a value of 213,000 million dollars in 2020.
- Education: The arrival of Artificial Intelligence will revolutionize and personalize learning, improving digital education, adaptive learning software and research processes. A report from K-12 Horizon reveals that AI is one of the two most important technological trends that will transform education over the next four years.
- Connected home: Currently, 60% of the world’s smart home consumption is concentrated in North America and is expected to continue that way until 2021. In Europe, the United Kingdom is the focus of expansion of smart homes. In Asia, South Korea is positioned as a leader. In the coming times there will proliferate numerous intelligent domestic devices linked to the sale of services and complementary products by brands.
- Mobility: These robots have expanded with innovative features that allow displacements with autonomous orientation, three-dimensional interaction and facial recognition. The AI has also arrived at the suitcases, freeing hands and saving the physical efforts of tourists and travelers.
- Logistics: Exoskeletons also positively affect the automotive world. Another novelty is the first autonomous boats for the transport of merchandise with AI, which protects the navigation without human intervention, as well as the distributors of food, groceries and packages.
- Agriculture: From automated farms to drones for precision farming. Feeding the future, reducing food waste or improving crops will be in the hands of sensors, machines to plant seeds autonomously or plant trees and algorithms that based on Big Data will substantially improve crops.
- Food: New autonomous restaurants with robotic devices have appeared, such as this one, while supermarket chains already test bots that circulate in the corridors performing tasks such as identification of out-of-stock items, incorrect price location and label verification.
- Retail: Platforms in the retail sector use quality chatbots, intelligent allies in the industry and compatible with natural language and voice recognition. Top companies use shopping assistants who use Emotional Intelligence to carry out intelligent conversations between robots and consumers in physical stores. On the other hand, the IA can provide detailed information about the products, recommendations, consultations and even useful customer service after an online purchase. It is estimated that chatbots will save 8 billion dollars in costs by 2022
- Automotive: More and more investment in the technology of autonomous vehicles, as in the automation of heavy vehicles in the construction sector. A robot can get to place 3000 bricks in eight hours.