The wolf Astur is a legend of the Inuit, that is, of the Eskimos that live in the north of Canada and in Greenland. As we know, the Arctic is an extremely difficult territory. Those who live there have had to bravely face nature to survive. That’s why this legend is a story about balance. That balance that must exist between man and his environment to maintain life on the planet.
It tells us this story about balance, that Kaila was for the Inuit the god of heaven. Nobody had more power than him. The heavens govern the waters, the fire and the earth. Therefore, Kaila’s kingdom was the true sovereign. This god decided to create man and woman at the same time, to populate the Earth. In principle, both were completely alone, but they were also completely free.
The man and the woman saw that everything was depopulated and they were bewildered. Then Kaila entrusted the woman with the task of populating the Earth and being the guardian of life. Immediately, he told him that he must open a hole in the ice. When he did, from there all kinds of animals began to come out to accompany the human being. The last one to leave was the elk or caribou.
“Nature does nothing incomplete or nothing in vain.”
A story about the initial balance
Tell this story about balance, that man and woman were very happy to see the new beings that would share the earth with them. Then, the god Kaila told the woman something important. He pointed out that the elk or caribou, the last of the animals to leave, was an important gift from the gods. He added that this animal should feed them with their meat and coat with their skin. “He will feed you and your family,” he added.
Since then, elk became the most precious asset for the Inuit. Their flesh nourished them, like no other. Their skin allowed them to make clothing and stores to protect themselves from the inclement cold. In addition, moose abounded. So they learned to hunt them and with that their life became much more comfortable.
The caribou multiplied incessantly, by order of the woman. Kaila had granted him that power initially. When the man and the woman had children, they taught them to hunt these animals. The boys always wanted to keep the bigger and fatter specimens. That way there would be more food and more shelter for all.
The importance of balance
According to this story about balance, humans hunted so many big, strong moose that all of a sudden, only the worst specimens started to be alive. Only the smallest and weak ones survived the hunt, for which the man and the woman began to worry.
Soon, they had no choice but to consume the flesh and skin of those exemplary skinheads. However, they did not have a good flavor and their skin barely reached for any other garment.
That is how a time of hunger came about. None of the other animals was capable of satisfying the needs of human beings. The woman’s children began to lose weight, passing a hitherto unknown hunger.
A desperate plea
Tells the story about the balance that, faced with this situation, the woman had no choice but to raise her eyes to the sky and ask Kaila for help. The god was somewhat upset. “I gave you the best of gifts,” he said. “But you squandered it,” he added. However, he promised to help her.
It is said that Kaila thought then that it was best to talk to Amarok, master of the wolves, who were also wonderful beings. Kaila asked him to deliver a group of wolves to the humans. Until then, those animals only inhabited the kingdom of the gods. Amarok understood the situation and gave a pack of wolves to humans.
They reached the frozen plains and stealthily approached the caribou, who grazed carelessly. However, when the wolves got closer, the caribou noticed their presence. The caribou decided then to protect the weakest specimens. The larger ones formed a circle around them, to prevent the wolves from attacking them.