To solve the serious problem of the 800 million people suffering from hunger in the world, the UN is clear about the formula: small-scale organic farming and the recovery of traditional farming methods.
The feeding of the future will be marked by technological innovations: from the use of the Internet of Things to reduce food waste to the proliferation of automated vertical farms, the extension of aquaponics, the development of in vitro meat created in the laboratory thanks to the tissue energy or the use of Big Data to improve agricultural crops.
However, the formula for alleviating hunger and reversing global malnutrition – a gigantic global health problem that affects more than 800 million people – resides in organic farming, according to the UN in its report “Awakening before it is too late “, document that underlines the urgency of a change in the paradigm and the transition from an industrial agriculture to a model protected by rural development and the protagonism of ecological and local agriculture.
Given the confusion between the definitions of organic, biological, organic and sustainable food, it should be remembered that organic products are those that develop all stages of growth and production respecting nature cycles and without artificial intervention. Thus, its cultivation and processing is done without genetic engineering, fertilizers, pesticides or genetic preservatives. Natural fertilizers are used taking advantage of natural conditions, and in the case of livestock, hormones and antibiotics are not used, advocating the modality of extensive livestock farming, respectful of biodiversity.
The UN report was endorsed in its publication in 2013 by FAO and more than 60 independent experts who recall the importance of organic and local agriculture to promote food sovereignty, mitigate climate change and promote equal access to resources . Meanwhile, the multinationals ignore the recommendations, emit long-term unsustainable amounts of CO2 for human health -not in vain it is said that we could be extinct very soon-, transgenics continue to gain ground and small farmers suffer more and more problems at the level of price, competition and protection.
What is an Organic Cultivation?
Organic crops are now known as those methods of purely and exclusively natural food production. In these it restricts the use of chemical additives or any other substance that contains synthetic materials, such as pesticides, herbicides and / or artificial fertilizers.
In this type of organic farming they are not only beneficial for the 100% natural growth of vegetables, but also benefit the environment, avoiding contamination in the various processes through which the crop passes and thus allows the regeneration of the soil. In addition, organic crops often maintain the essential nutrients of their nature, elements that in many cases are lost with genetic manipulation or use of agrochemicals.
To have an orchard is to have:
- A healthy diet and at a better price.
- Food throughout the year.
- Possibility of improving the income.
- It allows healthy and safe production for families.
Organic farming on green roofs
You want to have an organic crop but you do not have enough space, do not worry, we tell you an effective way you can have your own organic crop, as well as the benefits it gives you apart from providing you with healthy foods.
Having an organic crop on the roof is like having a small garden to visit every day. It becomes a powerful educational tool for any age, allows us to have a more friendly interaction with the environment and this helps us to have a broad knowledge of what we have planted in our garden and develop attitudes such as patience and perseverance, requirements fundamental to obtain a quality crop that will go directly from the garden to the plate. Once this experience has begun, you will not want to abandon it.
This type of Organic Green Roof crop offers many benefits such as taking advantage of urban space, improving air quality, the city’s landscape, and in some cases it can create jobs.
Fertilization of Organic Crops
Organic crops are fertilized by:
- Compost. It is the decomposition of organic remains such as branches, leaves, grass, fruit peels, vegetables, etc. With the application of the compost we are helping the regeneration of the microbial life of the earth and we are also improving the texture and chemical composition of the soil.
- Vermiculture. (known as vermicompost or vermicompost). It is considered one of the best organic fertilizers. Vermiculture is obtained with the help of the worm’s digestive process. It has a neutral pH, so it is suitable for all types of plants. In addition to providing nutrients, nitrogen, hormones, etc. It also increases the resistance to frost, improves the characteristics of clay and sandy soils, as well as mycorrhizae.
- Ashes. They must come from wood without paint, enamels, etc. Besides being a natural solution to pests and diseases caused by fungi, the ashes provide high levels of calcium, magnesium and potassium. They are very useful for correcting soils with very acidic pH due to their slight alkaline effect.
- Other substances of organic origin.
It is considered the best system of crops that takes care of the environment and therefore the most sustainable as it contributes to preserve ecosystems and species diversity thanks to its natural process that leads to caring for the soil, keeping the water pure and reducing the deterioration of the climate caused by intensive agriculture, that is why it has been called the “green revolution”.