“Smart homes and other connected products won’t just be aimed at home life. They’ll also have a major impact on business. And just like any company that blissfully ignored the Internet at the turn of the century, the ones that dismiss the Internet of Things risk getting left behind.”
By Jared Newman.
The Internet of Things is a concept that is becoming more relevant. Discover exactly what it is about.
What is the Internet of things and how does it work?
It is a term that we constantly hear about. Internet of Things or IoT for its acronym, is a somewhat abstract concept but has been gaining popularity in recent months. The idea that tries to represent is pretty well illustrated by its name, everyday things that connect to the Internet, but it is much more than that.
To understand what the Internet of Things is about, we must also understand that its foundations are not new at all. For the last 30 years, we have been working with the idea of making all everyday objects a little more interactive. Ideas like the smart home, also known as the house of tomorrow, have evolved before we realize in the connected home to enter the Internet of things.
The Internet of Things empowers objects that formerly were connected by closed circuit, such as communicators, cameras, sensors, and others, and allows them to communicate globally through the use of the network of networks.
If we had to give a definition of the Internet of things, it would probably be better to say that it is a network that interconnects physical objects using the Internet. These objects use embedded systems, or what is the same, specialized hardware that not only allows Internet connectivity, but also schedules specific events based on tasks dictated remotely.
How does the Internet of things work?
As we have already said, the trick in all this is in the embedded systems. These are chips and circuits that, compared to, for example, a smartphone, may seem very rudimentary, but they have all the necessary tools to perform specialized tasks very specific.
There is no specific type of objects connected to the Internet of things. Instead, they can be classified as objects that work as sensors and objects that perform active actions. Of course, there are those that fulfill both functions simultaneously.
In any case, the principle is the same and the key is remote operation. Each of the objects connected to the Internet has a specific IP and through that IP can be accessed to receive instructions. Also, you can contact an external server and send the data you collect.
When will he be among us?
One of the most common questions with the Internet of things is when it will finally be in our lives. The answer is that it has been for some months now.
Unlike some technologies much more popular among the masses, the Internet of Things has not found its focus of explosion in the consumer market. Perhaps the technology is still too new, or perhaps the sector’s big ones have not seen the right opportunity to pounce on. Still we have seen how Apple and Google have taken some discreet steps with technologies such as Home Kit and Android Home, for instance.
It is within the private sector where the Internet of Things is becoming increasingly popular.
Mass production industry: the machinery that is in charge of controlling the manufacturing processes, assembling robots, temperature sensors, production control, everything is connected to the Internet in more and more companies which allows to centralize the control of the infrastructure.
Control of urban infrastructure: control of traffic lights, bridges, train tracks, urban cameras. More and more cities are implementing this type of infrastructure based on the Internet of Things that allows monitoring the proper functioning of their structures as well as adapting their operation more flexibly to new events.
Environmental control: one of the areas in which the Internet of Things is having more success, since it allows practically any information from atmospheric, meteorological, and seismic sensors to be accessed from virtually anywhere.
Health sector: more and more clinics and hospitals around the world rely on systems that allow health personnel to actively monitor patients in an ambulatory and non-invasive manner.
There are also applications of the Internet of Things for transportation, the energy industry, and virtually all commercial sectors. As we have said, the big slope is the consumer market, or what is the same, homes, a place that is probably a matter of time before we see the great explosion of the IoT.